- (Num. 26:59). Exodus 2, which describes the birth of Moses, does not name her, or, for that matter, the father or sister of Moses. She is described as the daughter of Levi, born to him in Egypt (Num. 26:59; cf. Ex. 2:1), and thus was Amram's paternal aunt (Ex. 6:20). Marriage with an aunt violates the law of Leviticus 18: 12. This is in keeping with biblical traditions that trace the birth or ancestry of important figures to sexual relations generally prohibited: Abraham and Sarah, his half-sister (Lev. 18:9); Judah and Tamar, his daughter-in-law (Lev. 15:15); Jacob and the two sisters Rachel and Leah (Lev. 18:18); and the marriage of the Moabite Ruth to Boaz (Deut. 23:4). The meaning of the name is problematic. No personal name formed with the component yo (Heb. יוֹ) is otherwise attested before the time of Moses. (Nahum M. Sarna / S. David Sperling (2nd ed.) -In the Aggadah Jochebed was so called because her face was like the ziv hakavod ("splendor of glory"; Mid. Hag. Gen. 23:1). She was born during the journey of the children of Israel to Egypt (Gen. R. 94:9). She was therefore 130 when she gave birth to Moses. Despite this she is called the "daughter" of Levi (Ex. 2:1) because her youth returned to her, her skin becoming smooth and the wrinkles of age disappearing (Gen. R. 94:9). She gave birth to Moses after she had remarried her husband who had divorced her because of the decree that all male children be killed. Her second marriage was as happy as her first; Amram placed her in a palanquin and Aaron and Miriam danced before her (Sot. 12b). Due to her righteousness, the birth of Moses was a painless one, indicating that she had been excluded from the decree against the descendants of Eve (cf. Gen. 3:16; Sot. 12b). Jochebed is identified with shiphrah (Ex. 1:15), because the Israelites were fruitful – she-peru – in her days (Sot. 11b), and with Jehudijah the Jewess (I Chron. 4:18), because she brought Jews into the world (Lev. R. 1:13). The "houses" given to the two Hebrew midwives (Ex. 1:21) means that she was destined to become the ancestress of the priestly family (Ex. R. 1:17). She survived all her children and was permitted to enter Ereẓ Israel with Joshua when she was 250 (SOR 9). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Noth, Personennamen, 111; H. Bauer, in: ZAW, 51 (1933), 92ff; J.J. Stamm, Die akkadische Namengebung (1939), 135; H.H. Rowley, From Joseph to Joshua (1948), 71, 73, 136, 159ff. IN THE AGGADAH: Ginzberg, Legends, index; I. Ḥasida, Ishei ha-Tanakh (1964), 183. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Burns, in: ABD, 3:871–72; W. Propp, Exodus 1–18 (AB; 1998), 276–78.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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Jochebed — Jochebed, Weib des Amram, Mutter Mosis u. Aarons … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Jochebed — According to the Torah, Jochebed (] . In making this identification, the rabbis interpret the houses , with which the Book of Exodus describes God as having compensated the midwives  , by arguing that the figure referred only to the surviving… … Wikipedia
Jochebed — Amram ist ein hebräischer Personenname (עמרם). Auf Arabisch lautet er Imran (عمران}. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Etymologie 2 Herkunft 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jochebed — /jok euh bed /, n. the mother of Aaron and Moses. Ex. 6:20. Also, Douay Bible, Jochabed. * * * … Universalium
Jochebed — Jehovah is her glory, the wife of Amram, and the mother of Miriam, Aaron, and Moses (Num. 26:59). She is spoken of as the sister of Kohath, Amram s father (Ex. 6:20; comp. 16, 18; 2:1 10) … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Jochebed — /jok euh bed /, n. the mother of Aaron and Moses. Ex. 6:20. Also, Douay Bible, Jochabed … Useful english dictionary
Amram — For other uses, see Amram (disambiguation) and Imran (disambiguation). In the Book of Exodus, Amram (Hebrew: עַמְרָם, Modern Amram Tiberian ʻAmrām ; Friend of the most high/The people are exalted) Arabic عمران Imran, is the father… … Wikipedia
Moses — For other uses, see Moses (disambiguation). Moses Moses … Wikipedia
MOSES — (Heb. מֹשֶׁה; LXX, Mōusēs; Vulg. Moyses), leader, prophet, and lawgiver (set in modern chronology in the first half of the 13th century B.C.E.). Commissioned to take the Israelites out of Egypt, Moses led them from his 80th year to his death at… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Miriam — This article is about the Biblical sister of Moses. For other uses, see Miriam (disambiguation). The Song of Miriam (Miriam right), reproduction of a painting by William Gale (1823 1909) Miriam (Hebrew: מִרְיָם, Modern … Wikipedia